What is the present infinitive example?
The active present infinitive – normally known as just “the infinitive” – is the basic or root form of a verb. In English, it can take two forms, with or without the particle to. For example: live or to live, love or to love, think or to think.
What is the infinitive phrase in this sentence?
An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. The complement of an infinitive verb will often be its direct object, and the modifier will often be an adverb. For example: He likes to knead the dough slowly.
What is an example of an infinitive phrase in a sentence?
The infinitive phrase “to eat on the plane” modifies the noun “candy.” “To quit my job” modifies the noun “urge.” Because the infinitive phrases modify nouns, they are functioning as adjectives. Finally, infinitive phrases can act like adverbs and modify a verb.
What are the infinitive rules?
Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Gerunds can be used after certain verbs including enjoy, fancy, discuss, dislike, finish, mind, suggest, recommend, keep, and avoid.
How do you use infinitive phrase in a sentence?
For example: Dawn helped her friend bake his mother a cake. (The “special” verb is “helped.” The direct object is “her friend.” In the infinitive phrase, the bare infinitive is “bake.” Its direct object is “a cake.” This time there is an indirect object (“his mother”) in the infinitive phrase too.)
How do you identify an infinitive phrase?
To identify an infinitive phrase in a sentence:
- First, find the word to.
- Second, if the word after to is a verb, then it is an infinitive.
- Third, if the infinitive is in the middle of the sentence, then the infinitive phrase starts at to and ends at the end of the sentence.
What is the present infinitive?
The Present Infinitive : The infinitive is a verb-form that has some of the properties of a noun. Its two-sided character comes out clearly when it is used as the subject of a sentence. EXAMPLES.
What is the verb to be in the simple present?
The Verb to Be in the Simple Present Infinitive I You, We, They He, She, It to be am / am not are / are not is / is not
How do you use the infinitive in a sentence?
The infinitive phrase “to help him who strives to help himself” is functioning as a noun (i.e., it is the direct object of “loves”). That infinitive phrase contains the infinitive phrase “to help himself,” which is functioning as an adverb modifying “strives.”) Most infinitives are preceded by “to,” but after certain verbs, the “to” is dropped.
How many tenses does the infinitive have?
The infinitive has two tenses……the present and the perfect. 1. The present infinitive is the verb in its simplest form, usually preceded by TO such as…..to live, to teach, to bind, to strike.