What is bubonic plague?

bubonic plague, one of three clinical forms of plague, an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Bubonic plague is the most commonly occurring type of plague and is characterized by the appearance of buboes—swollen, tender lymph nodes, typically found in the armpits and groin.

Is bubonic plague viral disease?

Plague is an infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis bacteria, usually found in small mammals and their fleas. The disease is transmitted between animals via their fleas and, as it is a zoonotic bacterium, it can also transmit from animals to humans.

What was the plague virus called?

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis….Plague (disease)

Causes Yersinia pestis
Diagnostic method Finding the bacterium in a lymph node, blood, sputum
Prevention Plague vaccine
Treatment Antibiotics and supportive care

What was life like during the bubonic plague?

When plague hit a community, every aspect of life was turned upside down, from relations within families to its social, political and economic structure. Theaters emptied, graveyards filled, and the streets were ruled by terrible corpse-bearers whose wagons of death rumbled night and day.

Where was the bubonic plague most prevalent?

Death, if it occurs, is typically within 10 days. With treatment, the risk of death is around 10%. Globally between 2010 and 2015 there were 3,248 documented cases, which resulted in 584 deaths. The countries with the greatest number of cases are the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, and Peru.

What are the 3 types of plague?

Plague can take different clinical forms, but the most common are bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic.

How did bubonic plague end?

The most popular theory of how the plague ended is through the implementation of quarantines. The uninfected would typically remain in their homes and only leave when it was necessary, while those who could afford to do so would leave the more densely populated areas and live in greater isolation.

Where did bubonic plague come from?

The plague that caused the Black Death originated in China in the early to mid-1300s and spread along trade routes westward to the Mediterranean and northern Africa. It reached southern England in 1348 and northern Britain and Scandinavia by 1350.

Can dogs get bubonic plague?

A: Essentially all mammals are susceptible to plague. In the U.S. we most often see wild rodents, lagomorphs such as cottontails and jackrabbits, and domestic pets such as cats and dogs with the disease.

What is the prognosis for bubonic plague?

Prognosis of Bubonic Plague If untreated, the prognosis is poor, with mortality rates estimated at 50 to 90 percent. In the United States, the overall mortality rate is 11 percent.

What is the difference between bubonic and pneumonic plague?

– Pneumonic plague. This type of plague can spread from person to person through the air. – Bubonic plague. This occurs when an infected flea bites a person or when materials contaminated with Y. pestis enter through a break in a person’s skin. – Septicemic plague. It can be a complication of pneumonic or bubonic plague or it can occur by itself.

Did bubonic plague really cause the Black Death?

What caused the Black Death? For the whole of the 20th century it was believed that the Black Death and all the plagues of Europe (1347-1670) were epidemics of bubonic plague. This review presents evidence that this view is incorrect and that the disease was a viral haemorrhagic fever, characterised by a long incubation period …

What cured the bubonic plague?

– An outbreak of the bubonic plague in China has led to worry that the “Black Death” could make a significant return. – But experts say the disease isn’t nearly as deadly as it was, thanks to antibiotics. – The disease pops up every year in multiple countries including the U.S.