What is the treatment for secondary diabetes?

In these forms of secondary diabetes, injections of insulin may need to be taken to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, in some cases, taking diabetes medication in tablet form may be sufficient.

What is the best treatment for diabetes mellitus?

Insulin Therapy People with type 1 diabetes require multiple insulin injections each day to maintain safe insulin levels. Insulin is often required to treat type 2 diabetes too. Using an insulin pump is an alternative to injections. The pump is about the size of a pager and is usually worn on your belt.

What is first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes?

Metformin should be the first-line drug for managing type 2 diabetes. Insulin and sulfonylureas should be second line, and glitazones should be reserved for third line. Metformin is the only drug for type 2 diabetes that does not cause weight gain, which is an important advantage.

How is newly diagnosed diabetes type 2 treated?

Eat healthy

  1. Eat a variety of foods, including vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy foods, healthy fats, and lean meats or meat substitutes.
  2. Try not to eat too much food.
  3. Try not to eat too much of one type of food.
  4. Space your meals evenly throughout the day.
  5. Avoid skipping meals.

What conditions lead to secondary diabetes?

The most common causes of secondary diabetes are as follows: Diseases of the pancreas that destroy the pancreatic beta cells (eg, hemochromatosis, pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, pancreatic cancer) Hormonal syndromes that interfere with insulin secretion (eg, pheochromocytoma)

Which is better metformin or glimepiride?

Metformin was only more effective than glimepiride in controlling the levels of total cholesterol (TC, 0.33 [0.03, 0.63], P = 0.03), low-density lipoprotein (LDL, 0.35 [0.16, 0.53], P = 0.0002) and triglycerides (TG, 0.26 [0.05, 0.46], P = 0.01).

What is the best oral medication for type 2 diabetes?

Metformin is a tried and tested medicine that has been used for many decades to treat type 2 diabetes, and is recommended by most experts as first-line therapy. It is affordable, safe, effective, and well tolerated by most people.

What is the first drug of choice for diabetes?

Metformin (Fortamet, Glumetza, others) is generally the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works primarily by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body’s sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively.

Which is drug of choice for newly detected diabetic patient and why?

Metformin. Metformin as first-line therapy is in the general consensus, since its efficacy is similar to other antihyperglycemic drugs—besides insulin. It has a large safety margin and can be used by most patients other than a small number who experience gastrointestinal side effects.

At what blood sugar level is medication required?

Sometimes, more insulin than needed is taken and this will cause hypoglycemia. To minimize this risk, many providers will recommend that individuals treated with insulin target a pre-meal blood sugar (plasma glucose) of 90-130 mg/dl and post meal blood sugar (plasma glucose) of less than 180 mg/dl.

What is the standard treatment guideline for diabetes?

The standard treatment guideline for diabetes is designed to focus the secondary and tertiary care level and the target group includes all patients with type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and type 1 diabetes attending treatment facilities provided by Government of Kerala in secondary and tertiary care level.

How is Secondary diabetes managed?

How secondary diabetes is managed can vary quite significantly depending on which condition has caused it. Some medical conditions listed will result in insulin resistance, which is where the body is not able to adequately respond to insulin. This forces the body to release more insulin in an attempt to keep blood glucose levels under control.

What are the treatment options for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Physical exercise and non-insulin glucose-lowering therapies in the management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus: a clinical review. Diabet Med. 2019 Mar;36(3):349-358. [PubMed: 30536728]

Can you take insulin tablets for Secondary diabetes?

In these forms of secondary diabetes, injections of insulin may need to be taken to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, in some cases, taking diabetes medication in tablet form may be sufficient.