What is suburbanization in history?

Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl. As a consequence of the movement of households and businesses out of the city centers, low-density, peripheral urban areas grow.

Who started suburbanization?

Levitt, who joined his immigrant father in the construction business in the 1930s. After experimenting with mass production during WWII, in the late 1940s the Levitts built what would become the most famous housing development of the age, the 17,000-home Levittown on Long Island, New York.

What are 3 causes of suburbanization?

The main push factors in encouraging suburbanization have to do with individuals feeling tired of city life and the perception that urban areas are overpopulated, over-polluted, and dirty.

What are the four major causes of suburbanization?

The growth of suburbs resulted from several historical forces, including the social legacy of the Depression, mass demobilization after the War (and the consequent “baby boom”), greater government involvement in housing and development, the mass marketing of the automobile, and a dramatic change in demographics.

What is an example of suburbanization?

Some notable examples are London, Toronto, San Francisco, Portland, Tokyo, Zürich, and Seoul. The dominance of suburban growth is also evident in the major cities of the less developed world, from Sao Paulo and Mexico City, to Cairo, Manila, Jakarta, Beijing, and Kolkata (see the Evolving Urban Form series).

What does suburbanisation mean in geography?

Suburbanisation. This is where the suburbs on the outer edge of the settlement grow outwards as new houses and services are built to accommodate more people. This type of expansion sees the settlement grow at the expense of surrounding green land.

When was the first suburb built?

Levittown in Long Island, New York, is widely recognized as the first modern American suburb. Levitt and Sons, a construction company, purchased a 7-square-mile plot of potato and onion farms in Long Island in 1947. They set out to build one of the first uniform suburban community in the US.

What was the first suburb?

Levittown was the first truly mass-produced suburb and is widely regarded as the archetype for postwar suburbs throughout the country. William Levitt, who assumed control of Levitt & Sons in 1954, is considered the father of modern suburbia in the United States.

What are some causes and effects of suburbanization?


  • Better QOL away from the city.
  • You can get much more for you money e.g Housing.
  • Commuting is much easier nowadays.
  • In the 1950s and 60s, large scale construction took place on the fringes.
  • Increased car ownership.
  • 2x Population growth so demand for housing is higher.

What do you mean by suburbanization?

[ (suh-bur-buh-nuh-zay-shuhn) ] The establishment of residential communities on the outskirts of a city. In the United States, many suburbs were created after World War II, during a period of tremendous growth in population and industry.

What is the difference between gentrification and suburbanization?

is that gentrification is the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces earlier usually poorer residents while suburbanization is the process of suburbanizing, of population movement from cities to suburbs.

What effect did suburbanization have on cities?

Suburbanisation can lead to the decline of inner city areas as skilled people and businesses move away. This means that the suburbanisation of jobs leads to employment opportunities, leading to lower employment opportunities which leads to a spiral of decline.

What was suburbanization like in the 1950s?

Suburbanization in the 1950s. The growing number of suburban communities in the 1950s demonstrated the desire many Americans had to establish a secure familial environment.

What is suburbanization?

suburbanization Suburbanization denotes the process by which cities expand peripherally, initially by out-migration of population and economic activity from dense urban cores, to less dense contiguous settlements.

What role did the government play in the suburbanization of America?

The suburbanization of United States was a central part of the campaign to create the ideal American family, and the federal government played a direct role in the mass migration from the cities.

What was the era of mass suburbanization?

1945–1970: Era of Mass-Suburbanization Postwar Real Estate Development Postwar suburbia was built upon a prewar metropolitan landscape characterized by “segregated diversity,” a heterogeneous mix of landscapes, functions, and populations that emerged in the late 19th century .