What deficiency causes fingernails to curl?

Nails that curve upward in a “spoon” shape have a form of koilonychias that is indicative of a vitamin B12 deficiency or iron-deficiency anemia.

What causes fingernails to curl upward?

The most common cause of spoon nails is iron deficiency, or anemia. This makes your level of red blood cells lower than normal.

What causes fingernails to curl inward?

Nails that curve far inward at the sides are called ingrown nails. This condition may affect the toenails and be due to wearing shoes that are too tight, particularly in the toe box. Ingrown nails may also result from cutting the nails improperly. In some cases, treatment may involve removing part or all of the nail.

What causes a wavy thumbnail?

Fingernails are made by living skin cells in your fingers. So a skin condition such as eczema may lead to fingernail ridges. Skin dryness can also cause these ridges. If your body is low in protein, calcium, zinc, or vitamin A, a deficiency can sometimes be revealed by ridges in your fingernails.

How do I stop my nails from bending?

They suggest “sprinkling a little baby powder in your gloves” or wearing “a pair of cotton inserts under the gloves,” for wet work. Moreover, rubbing essential oils and applying a moisturizer after you clean or wash your hands can benefit the health of your nails (via HealthyLife).

What is a text atlas of nail disorders?

A text atlas of nail disorders 110 Figure 4.31 Pterygium at different stages in lichen planus. Figure 4.32 Pterygium—terminal stage in lichen planus. nail fold epidermis to the nail bed; its split portions progressively decrease in size as the pterygium widens. This often results in two small nail remnants if the pterygium process is central.

What are the histologic changes of nail disorders?

Histological changes consist of dense angiofibrotic tissue, sometimes with neuroglial tissue at the centre, and hyperkeratosis at the tip. A text atlas of nail disorders 132

What are the symptoms of periungual tissue disorders?

Periungual tissue disorders 129 Subungual warts are painful and may mimic glomus tumour. The nail plate is not often affected, but surface ridging may occur and, more rarely, dislocation of the nail. Biting, picking and tearing of the nail and nail walls are common habits in people with periungual warts.

Which nail disorders are characterized by distal subungual thickening?

A text atlas of nail disorders 102 Figure 4.23 Pachyonychia congenita—marked distal subungual thickening. (Courtesy of C.Beylot, Bordeaux.) In keratosis cristarum the keratinizing process is limited to the peripheral area of the nail bed.