What was the bonus march Apush?

The Bonus March of 1932 was a protest by several WWI veterans who, in response to the quickly worsening economy, wanted their bonuses early that had been promised to them. Hoover greeted them with a small army that used force to stop the protests. This army was led by Douglas MacArthur.

What was the Bonus Army Apush quizlet?

Officially known as the Bonus Expeditionary Force (BEF), this rag-tag group of 20,000 veterans marched on Washington demanding immediate payment of bonuses earned during Word War I originally promised to be paid to them by 1945.

What was the Bonus Army and why was it important quizlet?

A group of almost 20,000 World War I veterans who were hard-hit victims of the depression, who wanted what the government owed them for their services and “saving” democracy. They marched to Washington and set up public camps and erected shacks on vacant lots.

What was the purpose of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff quizlet?

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of June 1930 raised U.S. tariffs to historically high levels. The original intention behind the legislation was to increase the protection afforded domestic farmers against foreign agricultural imports. shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything.

What was a result of the Bonus March?

Over 6,000 bonus marchers massed at the U.S. Capitol on June 17 as the U.S. Senate voted on the Bonus Bill. The bill was defeated by a vote of 62–18.

What was the purpose of the Bonus Army?

In May 1932, jobless WWI veterans organized a group called the “Bonus Expeditionary Forces” (BEF) to march on Washington, DC. Suffering and desperate, the BEF’s goal was to get the bonus payment now, when they really needed the money.

How did the government deal with the Bonus Army?

In 1936, however, Congress finally passed, over a presidential veto, a bill to disburse about $2 billion in veterans’ benefits. The Bonus Army laid the foundation for the G.I. Bill of Rights (1944).

What was the impact of bonus March quizlet?

Two babies died of tear gas, and many people including children were injured. The Marchers were forced out. The actions of the army made Herbert Hoover even more unpopular.

What did the Bonus Army want Why?

Bonus Army, gathering of probably 10,000 to 25,000 World War I veterans (estimates vary widely) who, with their wives and children, converged on Washington, D.C., in 1932, demanding immediate bonus payment for wartime services to alleviate the economic hardship of the Great Depression.

What did the Hawley-Smoot Tariff result in?

The Act and tariffs imposed by America’s trading partners in retaliation were major factors of the reduction of American exports and imports by 67% during the Depression. Economists and economic historians have a consensus view that the passage of the Smoot–Hawley Tariff worsened the effects of the Great Depression.