What is the Ewostatewos movement?
Ewostatewos (Eustathius) was a Tigrean monastic evangelist who lived from 1273 to 1352. In his missionary, he attempted to abolish pagan animistic religions and ceremonial observances. He is well known for having uprooted twelve sanctified groves of trees devoted to pagan gods (Heze 62).
How many Ethiopian saints are there?
Their names were Abba Aregawi (Ze-Mikael), Abba Pantelewon, Abba Gerima (Issac, or Yeshaq), Abba Aftse, Abba Guba, Abba Alef, Abba Yem’ata, Abba Liqanos, and Abba Sehma (Prouty and Rosenfeld 1982, 141). Each of these men has a saint’s day on the Ethiopian religious calendar (Prouty and Rosenfeld 1982, 141).
What saint went to Ethiopia?
Saint George is an important figure in the Middle East particularly in Palestine and Lebanon – it is said he was born in either the Levant or Cappadocia – and may have been introduced to Ethiopia by contact with other Oriental Orthodox churches such as the Coptic Church of Egypt.
What are the name of nine saints?
The Nine Saints were a group of missionaries who were important in the initial growth of Christianity in what is now Ethiopia during the late 5th century. Their names were Abba Aftse, Abba Alef, Abba Aragawi, Abba Garima, Abba Guba, Abba Liqanos, Abba Pantelewon, Abba Sehma, and Abba Yem’ata.
What were the contribution of nine saints?
Their activities spread Christianity beyond “a narrow corridor between Adulis and Aksum along the caravan routes.” Besides converting the local inhabitants to Christianity, they also founded a number of monastic houses that followed the rule of Saint Pachomius: Abba Aftse founded the monastery at Yeha; Abba Alef the …
Who brought Orthodox to Ethiopia?
Ethiopian Orthodox church, Independent Christian patriarchate in Ethiopia. Traditionally thought to have been founded by the preaching of the apostle Matthew or the eunuch of the Acts of the Apostles, the church was established in the 4th century by St. Frumentius and his brother Aedesius.
What is the difference between monophysite and Miaphysite?
The churches that until the mid-20th century had been traditionally classified as monophysite, those of the so-called Oriental Orthodox communion, have always disputed the label, preferring the term miaphysite (from the Greek mia, “single,” and physis, “nature”) to identify their shared view that both divinity and …
When was Ewostatewos born?
Ewostatewos was born on 15 July 1273 (Julian calendar), or 22 July 1273 (Gregorian calendar) or 21 Hamle 1265 as Māʿiqāba ʾIgzi ( ማዕቃበ እግዚ) to Śina Ḥiywat ( ሥነ ሕይወት) and his father, Kristōs Moʾā ( ክሪስቶስ ሞአ ).
Who are the House of Ewostathians?
His followers, known as the House of Ewostatewos (individuals are known as Ewostathians ), have been a historic force in Tewahedo Orthodoxy. Ewostatewos was born on 15 July 1273 (Julian calendar), or 22 July 1273 (Gregorian calendar) or 21 Hamle 1265 as Māʿiqāba ʾIgzi ( ማዕቃበ እግዚ) to Śina Ḥiywat ( ሥነ ሕይወት) and his father, Kristōs Moʾā ( ክሪስቶስ ሞአ ).
What did Ewostatewos do in Serae?
After being ordained a monk by his uncle, Ewostatewos left the community and founded his own monastery in Serae. There he attracted a large number of students, and explained his views until the arrival of Abuna Yaqob III (c. 1337), who was opposed to his views.
How did Ewostatewos become a monk?
Daniel provided him with his earliest education and introducing him to monastic life. Māʿiqāba ʾIgzi announced his intention to become a monk at 15 and with his decision was renamed to Ewostatewos. After being ordained a monk by his uncle, Ewostatewos left the community and founded his own monastery in Serae.