What does the stop signal task test for?

Developed from the work of Logan and Cowan (1984), the stop signal task is a test of inhibition of prepotent responses. It requires the participant to respond as quickly as possible to a predetermined stimulus, the go trial, but to abort any response when a subsequently presented stop signal is displayed.

What is the stop signal paradigm?

In the stop-signal paradigm, subjects perform a go task, such as reporting the identity of a stimulus. Occasionally, the go stimulus is followed by a stop signal, which instructs subjects to withhold the response (see Figure 1).

Who created the stop signal task?

Gordon Logan
The stop-signal paradigm was originally developed by Gordon Logan in the 1980s, based on a cognitive task first used by Lappin and Erikson in 1966. Versions of the task have been developed both for humans and rats.

How do you calculate stop signal reaction time?

To find the nth reaction time, n = number of GoRTs 3 probability of responding on stop trials, n = (16 3 0.75) = 12, 12th reaction time in GoRT distribution = 860 ms. Therefore, it is estimated that the stop process finished 860 ms after the onset of the go stimulus.

What does the flanker task measure?

In cognitive psychology, the Eriksen flanker task is a set of response inhibition tests used to assess the ability to suppress responses that are inappropriate in a particular context.

What are Prepotent responses?

a response that takes priority over other potential responses (e.g., a pain response).

What is outer signal?

(2) The Outer signal, where provided, is the first Stop signal of a station and is located at an adequate distance outside the point upto which the line may be obstructed after Line Clear has been granted to or obtained by the station in rear.

What is the N back test?

A widely used measure for the assessment of working memory function is the n-back task (Owen et al., 2005). Here, participants are typically instructed to monitor a series of stimuli and to respond whenever a stimulus is presented that is the same as the one presented n trials previously.

What is inhibition in the brain?

What is inhibition? Inhibition or inhibitory control is the ability to inhibit or control impulsive (or automatic) responses, and create responses by using attention and reasoning. This cognitive ability is one of our Executive Functions and contributes to anticipation, planning, and goal setting.

What is a stop reaction?

In a stop-reaction-time (stop-RT) task, a subject is presented with a regular, isochronous sequence of brief signals separated by a constant time interval, or stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA). His/her task is to press a response key as fast as possible when the sequence stops.

How is SSRT calculated?

In some studies, SSRT has been estimated by subtracting the mean SSD from the median RT. This median method is a variant of the integration method that assumes that p(respond|signal) is always exactly .

How is the flanker test scored?

We calculated two interference scores for the Flanker task: (1) subtracting the mean RT for the correct congruent items from the mean RT for the correct incongruent items within the combination condition and (2) subtracting the mean accuracy for the congruent items from the mean accuracy for the incongruent items …