How does HRP conjugated antibody work?

HRP conjugates produce signal by oxidizing a chemiluminescent substrate (luminol) to a form which emits light. AP conjugates produce signal when the enzyme dephosphorylates a specific substrate (e.g. 1,2-dioxetane) to a light emitting product.

Why is an HRP conjugated secondary antibody used in western blotting?

The use of HRP secondary antibodies and AP secondary antibodies is therefore ideal for western blot since there use allows amplification of the signal and easier detection of protein of interest in the middle of a complex protein mixture.

What are HRP antibodies?

HRP acts on various chromogenic substrates to produce many different colors and acts on chemiluminescent substrates to produce light. HRP is often conjugated to an antibody to detect a target molecule. The antibody specifically locates the target, and HRP, in company with a substrate, and produces a detectable signal.

Why is HRP conjugated?

HRP is a popular detection label used in research. Antibody-HRP conjugates are commonly used in ELISA, IHC, and western blotting. HRP can be conjugated to the primary antibody for direct detection or secondary antibody for indirect detection.

What does HRP bind to?

HRP is typically conjugated to an antibody, protein A, protein G, or avidin, although HRP can readily be conjugated to a wide range of different types of molecules.

How does HRP work in western blot?

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) catalyzes the oxidation of substrates by hydrogen peroxide, resulting in a colored or fluorescent product and the release of light as a by-product of the reaction.

What is HRP substrate?

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is an enzyme used to amplify signal in photometric assays by catalyzing the conversion of chromogenic or chemiluminescent substrates for the detection of targets such as proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.

Why are HRP and ALP commonly used in ELISA?

The antibody provides the specificity to locate the antigen of interest and the HRP in the presence of a substrate, generates a detectable signal. HRP is used in immunohistochemistry and ELISA because it generates colored compounds.

What is the substrate for HRP?

Colorimetric substrates for ELISA applications

Substrate Enzyme Absorbance and color
OPD Substrate HRP 490 nm (450 nm) Green (Orange)
PNPP (p-Nitrophenyl Phosphate)
1-Step PNPP Substrate Solution AP 405 nm Yellow
PNPP Substrate AP 405 nm Yellow

What are HRP secondary antibodies?

HRP secondary antibodies. Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) has a high turnover rate that allows HRP secondary antibodies to generate strong signal in a short time span. HRP secondary antibodies are commonly used in western blot (WB), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and ELISA. Efficacy of HRP secondary antibodies is achieved by the optimal number

What secondary antibody conjugates are available for horseradish peroxidase (HRP)?

Our offerings for high-activity horseradish peroxidase secondary antibody conjugates are sorted below in the tabular format by application. Included with the selection tables for HRP-linked secondary antibodies are recommended substrates for each application and readout including chemiluminescent, chromogenic, colorimetric, or fluorogenic.

How many HRP secondary antibodies does Abcam offer?

To help scientists discover more, Abcam has developed a portfolio of over 300 HRP secondary antibodies that have been validated in assays such as western blot, ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Advantages of the range include:

What substrates do HRP-linked secondary antibodies need?

For each application, HRP-linked secondary antibodies need substrates that can deliver high signal-to-noise ratios for the chosen detection method, whether chemiluminescent, colorimetric, or fluorescent.