What were the features of the Harappan drainage system?
(i) The drainage system was planned very carefully. (ii) Road and streets were laid out along an approximate grid pattern intersecting at right angles. (iii) Streets were laid out with drains and he drains were covered. (iv) The houses were built along them.
Why it is said that the drainage system of Harappan is very impressive?
Explanation: The most striking feature of this Harappan civilization (Indus Valley Civilization) is that the Indus Valley people had constructed their drainage system on very scientific lines. The elaborate drainage system of the Harappan people shows that they had developed a high sense of health and sanitation.
What were drains made of in Harappa?
The street drains were typically made of baked brick, with special shaped bricks to form corners. The bricks were closely fitted and sealed with mud mortar. Gregory Possehl observes that over time, the same drains were reused by raising the walls with more bricks.
What do you know about the drainage system of the Indus Valley Civilization class 6?
The cities of the Indus Valley civilisation were well-planned. The drainage system was no exception. The bathrooms of every house had sloped floors, which were connected to the main street drain. The kitchen in the cities and the Great Bath of Mohenjodaro also had drains connecting to the main street drain.
What is the importance of the seals?
As one of the keystone species in marine ecosystems, seals help maintain a balance in the food web. Seals consume fish, squid, and crustaceans. Seals are also important food sources for larger predators like orcas, polar bears, and sharks.
How is drainage system?
Surface drainage systems remove excess water from the land’s surface through channels or ditches. In some cases, the ground surface is shaped or graded to create sloping toward the channels. Different types of surfaces drainage systems are open drains, humps and hollows, levees, and grassed waterways.
What is drainage system in geography?
In geomorphology, drainage systems, also known as river systems, are the patterns formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin. They are governed by the topography of land, whether a particular region is dominated by hard or soft rocks, and the gradient of the land.
Where were the drainage systems found?
Drainage systems were not unique to the larger cities, but were found in smaller settlements as well. At Lothal for example, while houses were built of mud bricks, drains were made of burnt bricks.
How were the drainage system prepared during the Indus Valley Civilization?
The most unique aspect of planning during the Indus Valley civilization was the system of underground drainage. The main sewer, 1.5 meters deep and 91 cm across, connected to many north-south and east-west sewers. It was made from bricks smoothened and joined together seamlessly.
What are Harappan seals?
Thousands of seals have been discovered by archaeologists from the Harappan sites. Most of the seals were made of steatite, which is a kind of soft stone. A few of them were also made of terracotta, gold, agate, chert, ivory and faience. The standard Harappan seal was square in shape with a 2X2 dimension.
What is the importance of seals in Harappan civilization?
Seals were utilized to make a fixing, or positive engraving while doing trade. Sealings were utilized as a part of antiquated circumstances for exchange. They would be made on earthenware production or the mud labels used to seal the rope around bundles of goods.
What is drainage system and types?
What is the drainage system in Harappan cities?
The drainage system in Harappan cities is the best example to indicate that how very planned the towns and cities were. • The drainages were laid out before the construction of houses and then the houses were built along with those drains.
What is the most striking feature of the Harappan civilization?
Drainage System of Harappan Civilization (Indus Valley) The most striking feature of this Harappan civilization (Indus Valley Civilization) is that the Indus Valley people had constructed their drainage system on very scientific lines.
What was the drainage system of Indus Valley Civilization?
The Indus civilization had an elaborate sanitary and drainage system, the hallmark of ancient Indus cities., The Authorities maintained a highly efficient drainage system. Each house had horizontal and vertical drains. There were underground drains for the streets. These drains were covered by stone slabs.
What is the drainage system of Mohenjo daro?
The drainage system of Mohen-jo-daro is so elaborate that “the like of which has not yet been found anywhere in the world in any other city of the same antiquity.” House drains emptied themselves into the main drains which ran under the main streets and below many lanes. The Harappan people well knew that such drains were not to be left open.