What characteristics should a communicable disease surveillance system have?

Evaluate the system for each of the following attributes:

  • Simplicity.
  • Flexibility.
  • Acceptability.
  • Sensitivity.
  • Predictive value positive.
  • Representativeness.
  • Timeliness.

What is the purpose of the communicable disease surveillance system?

A communicable disease surveillance system serves two key functions; early warning of potential threats to public health and programme monitoring functions which may be disease- specific or multi-disease in nature.

What is an example of a disease surveillance system?

Examples of passive surveillance systems include the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Adverse Events Reporting System (AERS), which is focused on patient safety, and the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS), which is operated by the CDC in conjunction with the FDA and is concerned with the negative …

What are the four types of surveillance systems?

Here are some of the most useful.

  • Sentinel Surveillance.
  • Periodic Population-based Surveys.
  • Laboratory-based Surveillance.
  • Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response.
  • Example: The Philippine National Epidemic Surveillance System.
  • Informal Networks as Critical Elements of Surveillance Systems.

What is the 5 step process for surveillance?

Steps in establishing and maintaining surveillance system Establish Goals Develop Case definitions Select appropriate personnel Acquire tools and clearances for collection , analysis and dissemination Implement surveillance system Evaluate surveillance activities 6.

What are the components of a disease surveillance system?

Infectious disease surveillance concurrently involves the health care delivery system, the public health laboratory, and epidemiologists. Each of these sectors contributes to the four basic components of surveillance, which are (1) collection, (2) analysis, (3) dissemination, and (4) response.

What is the main purpose of surveillance?

The purpose of surveillance is to provide information for action, and as such the design of a surveillance system should be shaped by the information requirements (surveillance system outputs) of those responsible for taking the control and prevention action that is to be informed by the system.

What are the three types of surveillance?

Different surveillance methods

  • Electronic surveillance – Electronic surveillance equipment is often the most used tool during an investigation.
  • Interviews – Interviews are far less common, but they can serve a purpose in certain investigations.
  • Observation – You can gather a lot of information just by observing someone.

What are the 5 types of surveillance?

Surveillance Types

  • Postal services.
  • Computer surveillance.
  • Surveillance cameras.
  • Telephones.
  • Social network analysis.
  • Aerial surveillance.
  • Biometric surveillance.
  • Data mining & profiling.

What are surveillance methods?

This term can be applied to observation from a distance using electronic equipment like CCTV cameras, or interception of electronically transmitted information like Internet traffic or telephone calls. Surveillance may also refer to simple, low-technology methods like human intelligence agents and postal interception.

What is surveillance system?

A digital video surveillance system is a surveillance system capable of capturing images and videos that can be compressed, stored or sent over communication networks. Digital video surveillance systems can be used for nearly any environment.

What are the 3 types of surveillance?

What do we learn from National Communicable Diseases Surveillance Systems?

Introduction: To obtain necessary information for managing communicable diseases, different countries have developed national communicable diseases surveillance systems (NCDSS). Exploiting the lesson learned from the leading countries in development of surveillance systems provides the foundation for developing these systems in other countries.

What is the goal of DHSs disease surveillance?

The goal of DHSS disease surveillance is to maintain an integrated statewide surveillance system for communicable, zoonotic, and environmentally induced health threats and to disseminate this information rapidly to customers. A communicable disease can be reported by using the disease case report form, CD-1.

How do I report a communicable disease in NJ?

NJ Administrative Code Communicable Disease Reporting and Surveillance System New Jersey has developed an electronic, web-enabled system where public health partners statewide can instantly report and track incidences of communicable diseases.

What is New Jersey’s communicable disease management system?

New Jersey has developed an electronic, web-enabled system where public health partners statewide can instantly report and track incidences of communicable diseases.