What is dystocia quizlet?

Dystocia is a dysfunctional labor from abnormal uterine contractions preventing normal progress of. – cervical dilation.

What is the most common cause of dystocia?

Failure of cervical dilation and uterine torsion are the most common causes of dystocia of maternal origin. Failure of cervical dilation is associated with long-term progesterone supplementation during pregnancy.

When a woman is experience a dystocia what is occurring quizlet?

The woman is experiencing dystocia most likely due to hypotonic uterine dysfunction and fetopelvic disproportion associated with a large fetus. A low-lying placenta, contraction ring, or uterine bleeding would not be associated with a change in labor pattern. You just studied 26 terms!

What is hypotonic dystocia?

Excerpt. Hypotonic labor is an abnormal labor pattern, notable especially during the active phase of labor, characterized by poor and inadequate uterine contractions that are ineffective to cause cervical dilation, effacement, and fetal descent, leading to a prolonged or protracted delivery.

Why is dystocia an emergency?

Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency in which normal traction on the fetal head does not lead to delivery of the shoulders. This can cause neonatal brachial plexus injuries, hypoxia, and maternal trauma, including damage to the bladder, anal sphincter, and rectum, and postpartum hemorrhage.

Is dystocia a medical condition?

Shoulder dystocia occurs when one or both of your baby’s shoulders get stuck inside your pelvis during childbirth. The word dystocia comes from the Greek words “dys,” meaning difficult, and “tokos,” meaning birth. Shoulder dystocia is a medical emergency. Babies with this condition are usually born safely.

What are the symptoms of dystocia?

Clinical signs of dystocia include labor lasting more than 4 hours with no production of the fetus, green vaginal discharge, and / or more than 1 hour between births. If any of these signs are noted, it is recommended that you seek medical attention immediately.

Which patient is most at risk for a uterine rupture?

Vaginal birth after a previous cesarean delivery is possible, but the woman in labor will be considered higher risk and be closely monitored. Today, nearly one in three pregnant women in the United States either choose or must undergo cesarean births. This puts more women are at risk of uterine rupture.

What maternal complications are associated with precipitous labor and birth?

In an earlier study by Sheiner et al [3], precipitous labor was associated with some maternal complications including perineal lacerations, postpartum hemorrhage, retained placenta, hemotransfusion and prolonged hospitalization.

What is retracting ring?

A ridge sometimes felt on the uterus above the pubes, marking the line of separation between the upper contractile and lower dilatable segments of the uterus.