Why does a monopoly lead to an inefficient allocation of resources?
In particular, the price charged by a monopoly is higher than the marginal cost of production, which violates the efficiency condition that price equals marginal cost. Monopoly is inefficient because it has market control and faces a negatively-sloped demand curve. Monopoly does not efficiently allocate resources.
What is inefficient resource allocation?
Inefficiency means that scarce resources are not being put to their best use.
Are resources allocated efficiently in monopolies?
Since the monopoly firm has excess capacity, there is under allocation of resources to the monopoly firm and misallocation of resources in the economy. Further, monopoly reduces the welfare of the consumer. This is because the output under monopoly is smaller and the price is higher than under perfect competition.
Why are monopolies inefficient quizlet?
A monopoly is allocatively inefficient because the monopoly price is greater than the marginal cost of production.
Which of the following can eliminate the inefficiency inherent in monopoly pricing?
Answer and Explanation: The correct option is b. price discrimination. It is correct because the market’s inefficiency because of the imperfect market and other…
Why is a traditional monopoly inefficient?
Some modern economists argue that a monopoly is by definition an inefficient way to distribute goods and services. This theory suggests that it obstructs the equilibrium between producer and consumer, leading to shortages and high prices. Other economists argue that only government monopolies cause market failure.
What causes inefficient allocation of resources?
Government Failure The market fails and government intervention causes a more inefficient allocation of goods and resources than would occur without the intervention. It occurs when the market inadequacies are not compared and analyzed against possible interventions before action is taken.
What results in inefficient allocation of resources?
Keynesian inefficiency – might be defined as incomplete use of resources (labor, capital goods, natural resources, etc.) because of inadequate aggregate demand. We are not attaining potential output, while suffering from cyclical unemployment.
What conditions must be satisfied if resources are used efficiently?
What conditions must be satisfied if resources are used efficiently? Resources are used efficiently when more of one good or service cannot be produced without producing less of some of another good or service that is valued more highly.
Which of the following may eliminate some or all of the inefficiency that results from monopoly pricing?
Which of the following may eliminate some or all of the inefficiency that results from monopoly pricing? The government can regulate the monopoly. When a monopolist increases the quantity that it sells, all else equal, total revenue increases, which is called the output effect.
What limits a monopoly’s ability to raise price?
(2) Monopoly restricts output to raise price: Excessive profits are a problem but economists believe that this 2nd difference between monopoly and perfect competition is more troubling. Compared with the ideal of perfect competition, the monopolist restricts quantity and charges a higher price.
What is the allocative inefficiency of monopoly?
Figure 1. The Allocative Inefficiency of Monopoly. Allocative Efficiency requires production at Qe where P = MC. A monopoly will produce less output and sell at a higher price to maximize profit at Qm and Pm. Thus, monopolies don’t produce enough output to be allocatively efficient.
Why do monopolies fail?
Market failure in a monopoly can occur because not enough of the good is made available and/or the price of the good is too high. Without the presence of market competitors it can be challenging for a monopoly to self-regulate and remain competitive over time. Imperfect competition: This graph shows the short run equilibrium for a monopoly.
What are the characteristics of monopolies?
Monopolies have little to no competition when producing a good or service. A monopoly is a business entity that has significant market power (the power to charge high prices). In a monopoly, the firm will set a specific price for a good that is available to all consumers.
What is the socially optimal output for a monopoly?
The allocatively efficient quantity of output, or the socially optimal quantity, is where the demand equals marginal cost, but the monopoly will not produce at this point. Instead, a monopoly produces too little output at too high a cost, resulting in deadweight loss.