What are explanatory fictions?
Explanatory Fiction An explanatory fiction involves using only diagnoses, conceptual variables, and other non-observable constructs to explain behavior.
What is an explanatory fiction in psychology?
EXPLANATORY FICTION : Is a statement that has the form of an explanation but whose “cause” is really the same as its “effect.” In an explanatory fiction the same set of facts is described both by the behavior that is supposedly being explained and by the explanation.
What are the 7 dimensions of ABA?
It is important that an individual’s treatment plan has goals following these 7 dimensions: 1) Generality, 2) Effective, 3) Technological, 4) Applied, 5) Conceptually Systematic, 6) Analytic, 7) Behavioral.
What is mentalism in ABA?
Mentalism. • Is the philosophy behind many branches of the. science of psychology. ▪ Assumes mental or inner states exist that are different. from observable behavior.
What is functional relation ABA?
Functional relation refers to the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable. An independent variable is something that is manipulated to effect a change in another variable (a dependent variable).
What does conceptually systematic mean?
Conceptually Systematic: Procedures for changing behavior and any interpretations of how or why those procedures were effective. These procedures should be described in terms of relevant ABA principles.
What are the five components of the ABA approach?
Now that you have a better understanding of ABA, let’s discuss five common components of ABA sessions.
- Task analysis. To create a Task Analysis, ABA therapists break down complex activities into a series of small steps.
- Prompt Fading.
What are the 4 types of behavior?
A study on human behavior has revealed that 90% of the population can be classified into four basic personality types: Optimistic, Pessimistic, Trusting and Envious.
Is mentalism a part of psychology?
In psychology, mentalism refers to those branches of study that concentrate on perception and thought processes, for example: mental imagery, consciousness and cognition, as in cognitive psychology.
What are some examples of mentalism?
In more recent times mentalism has evolved to include many other forms of performing arts, such as cold reading, telepathy, hypnosis, rapid maths, clairvoyance and even psychokinesis. All of the above share similar roots in misdirection, the power of suggestion and the ability to read body language.
How are functional relations determined?
An independent variable is something that is manipulated to effect a change in another variable (a dependent variable). If changes in the independent variable result in changes in the dependent variable, then there is a functional relation between the two variables.
What is explanatory fiction?
Explanatory fictions are statements whose cause and effect describe the same thing. These types of statements are generally seen in logical argument flaws. There are several types of explanatory fiction statements, but they all amount to the same end; nothing is truly being explained by the statement or quasi-argument.
What is the final type of deceptive explanatory fiction?
The final type is the deceptive explanatory fiction where the effect does not pertain to the cause. These are the most difficult to pinpoint because they are often hidden in complex arguments. “Jon does not perform well at math. Jon lives in a single parent household. The household income is less than the national average.
Which type of explanatory fiction is most difficult to spot?
The final type is the deceptive explanatory fiction where the effect does not pertain to the cause. These are the most difficult to pinpoint because they are often hidden in complex arguments.
Which is an example of an interchangeable explanatory fiction?
Another is the interchangeable explanatory fiction which is stating the obvious cause as an effect. “Jon has low test scores in math because he does not perform well at math.” The cause and effect are interchangeable and do not alter the argument when rotated. “Jon does not perform well at math and has low test scores.”