What is bilateral microtia and atresia?

Congenital aural atresia is a common condition. It happens when the ear canal does not develop normally. Atresia can be in one ear (unilateral) or both (bilateral). It is often part of microtia, a condition when the outside of the ear (pinna) does not form correctly.

Can you hear with atresia?

Children with aural atresia or a severely narrow ear canal (stenosis) will have hearing loss in that ear because sound waves cannot get to the inner ear. This can cause issues with hearing in noisy situations, and localizing where sound is coming from, particularly if the aural atresia is on both sides.

What causes atresia of the ear?

Aural atresia occurs in 1 in 10,000 live births. It is more common in boys. It more commonly only effects one ear. Although the exact cause is not known, when the fetus is developing something causes the ear to stop growing before it is complete.

Can microtia be detected during pregnancy?

In most cases the exact cause of microtia is unknown. As microtia is a rare condition, it is not often found on the prenatal ultrasound.

What causes microtia and atresia?

In some cases, anotia/microtia occurs because of an abnormality in a single gene, which can cause a genetic syndrome. Another known cause for anotia/microtia is taking a medicine called isotretinoin (Accutane®) during pregnancy. This medicine can lead to a pattern of birth defects, which often includes anotia/microtia.

Can atresia be fixed?

When a child has aural atresia, the outside of the ear may not look normal. The doctor may want to repair it as well. This is done in a separate surgery, usually before the canal and middle ear are fixed. Follow-up care is a key part of your child’s treatment and safety.

When does microtia happen?

Microtia usually affects one ear but can occur in both ears. It usually develops during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Can you hear with anotia?

This condition can affect one or both ears, though it is more common to only have one missing ear. Anotia is also associated with conductive hearing loss, which occurs when sound waves do not travel well through the ear and sound is not conducted efficiently from the outer ear canal to the eardrum.

What gene causes microtia?

BMPs, especially BMP5, have been considered as candidate genes for microtia in humans; however, studies in mice have shown that BMP5 is more related to ear growth than the actual formation of the external ear. FGFR1–3 play various roles in pinna development. FGF8 and -10 mutant mice present with small outer ears.

How do you prevent anotia?

Can microtia be prevented?

  1. Avoiding certain medications during pregnancy.
  2. Getting proper nutrition during pregnancy.

Is anotia genetic?

What is microtia and atresia?

What are Microtia and Atresia? Microtia means “small ear” and is a relatively rare deformity that occurs in about one in every 10,000 births. Microtia can occur with other congenital syndromes, but most often it is an isolated abnormality where cartilage and tissues did not fully develop.

What is congenital Atresia&microtia?

Congenital Atresia & Microtia of the Ear Congenital Atresia, the absence of the external ear canal, is a birth defect which is almost always accompanied by abnormalities of both the middle ear bones in various degrees, as well as the external ear.

What is atresia of the ear?

Atresia (also known as aural atresia) is the absence or closure of the external auditory ear canal. The malformation of the middle ear bones (incus, stapes, and malleus) may be affected including the narrowing of the ear canal, known as canal stenosis.

What is microtia?

Microtia is Latin for the words micro and otia, meaning “little ear.” Microtia can affect one ear (unilaterally) or both ears (bilaterally). Microtia occurs in every 1 out of 6,000 to 12,000 births. The right ear is more commonly affected. Microtia is often accompanied by Atresia.