What do you mean by supercritical CO2?

Supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO. 2 ) is a fluid state of carbon dioxide where it is held at or above its critical temperature and critical pressure. Carbon dioxide usually behaves as a gas in air at standard temperature and pressure (STP), or as a solid called dry ice when cooled and/or pressurised sufficiently.

Is CO2 a supercritical fluid?

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most widely used supercritical fluid. This is because CO2 is cheap, chemically inert, non-toxic, non-flammable and readily available at high purities and at low costs.

What is the difference between liquid CO2 and supercritical CO2?

Compared with liquid CO2, scCO2 has a higher diffusivity, lower viscosity and lower surface tension. It has gas-like diffusion rate and liquid-like solvent density. It is however also reported that many organic compounds are more soluble in liquid solvents than in supercritical fluids [33].

What are the advantages of supercritical CO2?

Supercritical fluids Supercritical CO2 offers clear advantages, as it is easily available, inexpensive, non-toxic, non-explosive, not an organic solvent, and ensures gentle treatment of the product at moderate temperatures (<100°C) as well as easy separation of solvent and extract.

What is subcritical fluid?

Subcritical water is liquid water under pressure at temperatures above usual boiling point, 100 °C (212 °F). It is also known as “subcritical water” or “pressurized hot water.” At subcritical state, water is maintained in liquid form by apply pressure.

What is liquid carbon dioxide called?

It can only exist at a pressure above 5.1 atm (5.2 bar; 75 psi), under 31.1 °C (88.0 °F) (temperature of critical point) and above −56.6 °C (−69.9 °F) (temperature of triple point). Low-temperature carbon dioxide is commercially used in its solid form, commonly known as “dry ice”.

What is the difference between CO2 and liquid CO2?

Liquid carbon dioxide is carbon dioxide gas that is highly compressed and cooled to a liquid form. Carbon dioxide exists as a liquid below the critical temperature of 31C and above the triple point with a temperature of -56.6 C and 4.18 bar.

What are the advantages of using supercritical CO2?

What happens when you super heat CO2?

There is no single tipping point where all carbon dioxide will suddenly be converted to carbon and oxygen. As you heat carbon dioxide, the percentage of oxygen present would gradually increase. Therefore if K=100, then you have a hundred times more oxygen in your system than carbon dioxide.

What is the disadvantage of using supercritical carbon dioxide?

Although the main disadvantage of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction is the expensive equipment and the analysis pr°Cess, the possibility of using a lower temperature during extraction avoids thermal degradation of the labile compounds and makes this method attractive.