## What is logMAR visual acuity?

Abstract. Background: Visual acuity, increasingly measured using a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) chart, is the “gold standard” by which the outcomes of the vast majority of clinical trials or interventions are judged.

How do you convert visual acuity to logMAR?

Decimal scores were converted to logMAR using the formula logMAR = -log(decimal acuity).

What is the difference between logMAR and Snellen?

In Snellen notation, 20/20 vision corresponds to logMAR = 0 and the MAR is equal to 1.0 arc minute. The MAR, in arc minutes, is equal to the inverse of the Snellen fraction. As acuity improves better than 20/20, the logMAR score will have an increasing negative sign value.

### How does logMAR record visual acuity?

The logMAR VA can be calculated as 0.1 (8) + (2) (0.02) = 0.84 logMAR. The formula: logMAR score (0.1 NL + 0.02 nl) where NL = number of lines completely read and nl = number of additional letters read ap- plies. For this method, the higher the logMAR VA score, the better the visual acuity.

How is logMAR calculated?

The logMAR scale is calculated as log (MAR) = log (1/V) = – log (V). LogMAR notation is widely used in scientific publications. Note that it is a scale of vision loss, since higher values indicate poorer vision. The value “0” indicates “no loss”, that is visual acuity equal to the reference standard (1.0, 20/20).

How do you use logMAR?

1. Ask patient to read down chart with one eye covered.
2. Note how many letters are read correctly until none of the letters on a line are.
4. Read off vision score from chart.
5. Repeat with pinhole if the vision is worse than 0.2.
6. If logMAR vision is worse than 1.0, retest at 2m or 1m (see over page)

## What is logMAR value?

Each letter has a score value of 0.02 log units. Since there are 5 letters per line, the total score for a line on the LogMAR chart represents a change of 0.1 log units. The formula used in calculating the score is: LogMAR VA = 0.1 + LogMAR value of the best line read – 0.02 X (number of optotypes read)

What is the purpose of the logMAR chart?

A logMAR chart (Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution) is a chart consisting of rows of letters that is used by ophthalmologists, orthoptists, optometrists, and vision scientists to estimate visual acuity.

How is visual acuity scored on a LogMAR chart?

When using a LogMAR chart, visual acuity is scored with reference to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, as the chart’s name suggests.

### What is the difference between LogMAR and low vision?

However, LogMAR is actually a notation of vision loss. The World Health Organization established criteria for low vision using the LogMAR scale. Low vision is defined as a best-corrected visual acuity worse than 0.5 LogMAR but equal or better than 1.3 LogMAR in the better eye.

What is a LogMAR chart?

A LogMAR chart comprises rows of letters and is used by ophthalmologists, optometrists and vision scientists to estimate visual acuity.

What is the logarithm of reduced acuity?

An observer who can resolve details as small as 1 minute of visual angle scores LogMAR 0, since the base-10 logarithm of 1 is 0; an observer who can resolve details as small as 2 minutes of visual angle (i.e., reduced acuity) scores LogMAR 0.3, since the base-10 logarithm of 2 is 0.3; and so on.