What is the wavelength of solar radiation?

Solar radiation is defined in the wavelength range 0.1–1000 μm, i.e., from the beginning of the UV (≈100 nm) to the end of the IR (≈1 mm) bands.

What radiation is emitted by the Earth?

infrared radiation
The Earth emits infrared radiation or longwave radiation. This follows directly from the electromagnetic energy spectrum and the respective temperatures of the Sun and Earth.

What is the maximum wavelength of the sun?

approximately 500 nanometers
The maximum wavelength output from the surface of the sun (originating from the photosphere) is approximately 500 nanometers (varying from exact measurements of 483 to 520 nm, depending on the temperature used to represent the surface of the sun, which is not clearly defined), while wavelength output from the inner …

How does radiation warm the Earth?

When solar radiation is absorbed, it transfers its energy to Earth’s surface or atmosphere causing the temperature of the land, air, or water to increase. Because Earth is much cooler than the Sun, it re-radiates energy as longwave, lower-energy wavelengths than it absorbs.

How does Earth balance the radiation?

Longwave radiation emitted to earth’s surface by gases in atmosphere. From convective currents (rising air warms the atmosphere). Condensation /Deposition of water vapor (heat is released into the atmosphere by process). At the earth’s surface – Energy absorbed is balanced with the energy released.

What percentage of solar radiation is visible?

About 44 percent of solar radiation is in the visible light wavelengths, but the Sun also emits infrared, ultraviolet, and other wavelengths.

Does the sun give off microwaves?

The Sun also emits at longer wavelengths, in the infrared, microwave, and radio. Our Sun emits light at progressively shorter wavelengths, too: the ultraviolet, X-ray, and even gamma-ray parts of the spectrum.

What is the frequency of the emitted radiation?

6.16 · 1014 Hz
The emitted radiation has a frequency of 6.16 · 1014 Hz. Each transition has an energy and a frequency. As there are many atoms in the gas, the emitted radiation will transport the sum of the energy emitted by the atoms and will be formed by all the frequencies emitted by the atoms.

Why is the Sun not green?

Here on Earth, the atmosphere plays a role in the color of the sun. Since shorter wavelength blue light is scattered more efficiently than longer wavelength red light, we lose some of the blue tint of the sun as sunlight passes through the atmosphere.

What is re radiated heat?

The process of radiating previously absorbed energy, especially in the form of heat (longwave, infrared radiation) from Earth’s surfaces, and in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases.

Why doesn’t the moon have the greenhouse effect?

The Earth s satellite has no atmosphere because its gravitational force is not strong enough to retain gas for long. It has the same distance from the Sun as the Earth, but its temperature varies enormously: where the Sun is shining, the Moon s temperature rises to 230°F and where it is dark falls to negative 290°F.

What is the wavelength range of UV radiation?

The UV region covers the wavelength range 100-400 nm and is divided into three bands: UVC (100-280 nm). Short-wavelength UVC is the most damaging type of UV radiation.

What is the range of electromagnetic radiation?

Measuring electromagnetic radiation. Astronomers who study radio waves tend to use wavelengths or frequencies. Most of the radio part of the EM spectrum falls in the range from about 1 cm to 1 km, which is 30 gigahertz (GHz) to 300 kilohertz (kHz) in frequencies. The radio is a very broad part of the EM spectrum.

What is the frequency range of radio waves?

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies between about 5 kHz and 300 GHz is referred to asradio frequency (RF) radiation. Radio frequencies are divided into ranges called “bands,” such as“S-band,” “X-band,” etc. Radio telescopes can be tuned to listen for frequencies within certainbands.

What is the wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum?

The wavelengths of ultraviolet, X-ray, and gamma-ray regions of the EM spectrum are very small. Instead of using wavelengths, astronomers that study these portions of the EM spectrum usually refer to these photons by their energies, measured in electron volts (eV). Ultraviolet radiation falls in the range from a few electron volts to about 100 eV.