What is militarization of Arctic?

There is the need to develop necessary military capability to hedge against the future military postures of potential adversaries. Militarisation of the Arctic may therefore be an irreversible trend.

What are the characteristics of the Arctic Circle?

CLIMATE. Long, cold winters and short, cool summers are characteristics of the Arctic climate. Sea ice, glacial ice, or snow covers some parts if the Arctic year round, and almost all of the Arctic experiences long periods of the year with some form of surface ice.

What is below the Arctic Circle?

The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. This is the parallel of latitude that (in 2000) runs 66.56083 degrees north of the Equator. Everything north of this circle is known as the Arctic, and the zone just to the south of this circle is the Northern Temperate Zone.

What are some problems in the Arctic?

Without urgent action to cut greenhouse gas emissions, the world will continue to feel the effects of a warming Arctic: rising sea levels, changes in climate and precipitation patterns, increasing severe weather events, and loss of fish stocks, birds and marine mammals.

What resources are in the Arctic?

Arctic Mineral Resources The most popular minerals include coal, iron ore, zinc, lead, nickel, precious metals, diamonds and gemstones. Arctic Aggregates Production Rock, stone, sand and gravel are mined throughout the Arctic region for a variety of construction projects onshore and off.

Why is the Arctic Circle important?

As the sea ice melts there’s less to reflect the rays, and more heat is absorbed by the ocean, magnifying the warming effect. The Arctic also helps circulate the world’s ocean currents, moving cold and warm water around the globe.

Who lives in the Arctic Circle?

Archaeologists and anthropologists now believe that people have lived in the Arctic for as much as twenty thousand years. The Inuit in Canada and Greenland, and the Yu’pik, Iñupiat, and Athabascan in Alaska, are just a few of the groups that are native to the Arctic.

Is Scotland in the Arctic Circle?

But Scotland is actually the world’s northernmost non-Arctic nation. Shetland is closer to the Arctic circle than it is to London, only 400 miles south of the Arctic and at a higher latitude than Juneau, in Alaska.