What genes make blue eyes?

Two of the most important genes in eye color are OCA2 and HERC2. Both come in versions that can cause blue eyes.

What is the genotype of a person with blue eyes?

In the eye color example, this genotype is written bb. Of these three genotypes, only bb, the homozygous recessive genotype, will produce a phenotype of blue eyes.

Are blue eyes dominant over green?

For gene 2, there are two possibilities, green or blue. Green is dominant over blue and so G usually represents green and b, blue. Green eyes, then, can be GG or Gb while blue eyes are bb.

Can blue eyes see better in the dark?

While blue eyes are more sensitive to light during the day, people with blue eyes tend to see better at night – unless there are bright lights. In that case, the lack of melanin makes them as sensitive to light at night as they are during the day.

How many genes influence eye color?

Eye color was traditionally described as a single gene trait, with brown eyes being dominant over blue eyes. Today, scientists have discovered that at least eight genes influence the final color of eyes.

How many pairs of recessive genes are there for blue eyes?

Two Pairs of Recessive Genes. When both parents have blue eyes, as shown here, they will both have a pair of recessive genes for blue eye color. All of the children will therefore have blue eyes since there is no dominant gene present to mask the recessive gene.

What is the genetic reason for blue eyes?

A Genetic Explanation. The Genetics of Blue Eyes Blue is one of the rarest eye colors worldwide. The genetic mutation behind blue eyes actually switches off the gene that colors eyes brown and leaves them blue. Everyone with blue eyes is related to a single, common ancestor.

How does genetics decide what color your baby’s eyes are?

Scientists once believed eye color was determined by a single gene, but advances in genetic research and genomic mapping have revealed that more than a dozen genes influence eye color. 2 This article will discuss how genetics decides what color your baby’s eyes will be. The colored part of the eye is called the iris.