What are the major micronutrient deficiencies in the world?

Iron, iodine, folate, vitamin A, and zinc deficiencies are the most widespread MNDs, and all these MNDs are common contributors to poor growth, intellectual impairments, perinatal complications, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality.

What are the three most common micronutrient deficiencies worldwide?

Deficiencies in iron, vitamin A and iodine are the most common around the world, particularly in children and pregnant women. Low- and middle-income counties bear the disproportionate burden of micronutrient deficiencies.

What are the top 5 micronutrient deficiencies worldwide?

7 Nutrient Deficiencies That Are Incredibly Common

  1. Iron deficiency. Iron is an essential mineral.
  2. Iodine deficiency.
  3. Vitamin D deficiency.
  4. Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  5. Calcium deficiency.
  6. Vitamin A deficiency.
  7. Magnesium deficiency.

What are 2 common nutrient deficiencies in developing countries?

Deficiencies in iron, iodine, vitamin A and zinc are still major public health problems in developing countries, but vitamin C, D and B deficiencies have declined considerably in recent decades.

What 7 micronutrient deficiencies can cause anemia?

Nutritional deficiencies, resulting from an inadequate intake or absorption of micronutrients needed to produce and synthesize red blood cells, can lead to anemia….Navigate this Resource

  • Iron Deficiency.
  • Vitamin A Deficiency.
  • Folate Deficiency.
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency.
  • Zinc Deficiency.

What are the types of micronutrient deficiency that we discussed?

Micronutrient Deficiency

  • Micronutrient Deficiency.
  • Individuals most vulnerable to micronutrient deficiency.
  • Anemia (iron or vitamin B12 deficiency)
  • Anemia in pregnant women.
  • Anemia in women of reproductive age.
  • Anemia in children.
  • Vitamin-A deficiency.
  • Vitamin-A deficiency in pregnant women.

What are the deficiency of macronutrients?

Macronutrient deficiencies include deficiencies in protein, fat, and/or calories, and can lead to stunting, pronounced wasting (marasmus) or a disproportionately large abdomen (a sign of kwashiorkor). Marasmus is a disease of severe wasting due to a prolonged inadequate intake of protein, carbohydrate, and fat.

What are mineral deficiencies?

A mineral deficiency occurs when your body doesn’t obtain or absorb the required amount of a mineral. The human body requires different amounts of each mineral to stay healthy. Specific needs are outlined in recommended daily allowances (RDA).

What causes micronutrient deficiencies?

Poverty, lack of access to a variety of foods, lack of knowledge of optimal dietary practices and high incidence of infectious diseases are some of the factors which lead to Micronutrient malnutrition.