What is the meaning of pelvic surgery?

Listen to pronunciation. (PEL-vik eg-ZEN-teh-RAY-shun) Surgery to remove the lower colon, rectum, and bladder, and create stomata (openings) through which urine and stool are passed out of the body. In women, the cervix, vagina, ovaries, and nearby lymph nodes are also removed.

What is Exenteration surgery?

A pelvic exenteration removes reproductive organs, the bladder or rectum or both, and lymph nodes in the pelvis. Sometimes part of the colon and anus are also removed. The female reproductive organs removed are the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina.

What is a enucleation in medical terms?

(ee-NOO-klee-AY-shun) In medicine, the removal of an organ or tumor in such a way that it comes out clean and whole, like a nut from its shell.

How long can you live after pelvic exenteration?

Overall, the study determined 67% of women undergoing this surgery have complications within 30 days; 27% experience severe complications. After 30 days, post-surgical mortality was 0.7%, and 2.2% at 90 days.

What is the pelvis?

The pelvis is the area of the body below the abdomen that is located between the hip bones and contains the bladder and rectum. In females, it also contains the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. In males, it also contains the prostate and seminal vesicles.

How long does it take to recover from pelvic surgery?

Physical therapy, the use of crutches and, rarely, surgery may be recommended. Healing can take eight to 12 weeks. Severe injuries to the pelvis that involve several breaks can be life-threatening. Shock, extensive internal bleeding and internal organs damage may be involved.

What is Colporrhaphy surgery?

Colporrhaphy, also known as vaginal wall repair, is a surgical procedure performed to correct defects in the vaginal wall, or pelvic-organ prolapse, including cystoceles and rectoceles.

What is anterior Exenteration?

(an-TEER-ee-er PEL-vik eg-ZEN-teh-RAY-shun) Surgery to remove the urethra, lower part of the ureters, uterus, cervix, vagina, and bladder.

What is the difference between enucleation and evisceration?

Enucleation is the surgical removal of the entire eyeball leaving behind the lining of the eyelids and muscles of the eye. Evisceration removes only the contents of the eye, leaving the white part of the eye (the sclera) and the eye muscles intact.

How do you do enucleation?

The anterior Tenon’s capsule and the conjunctiva are then closed with absorbable sutures in two layers. The tag sutures are then knotted to each other, thus completing the myoconjunctival technique of enucleation. An iris-painted or a plain conformer with a draining pore is then placed in the socket.

Is a radical hysterectomy?

In a radical hysterectomy, the uterus, cervix, both ovaries, both fallopian tubes, and nearby tissue are removed. These procedures are done using a low transverse incision or a vertical incision.

What is radical Vulvectomy?

Listen to pronunciation. (RA-dih-kul vul-VEK-toh-mee) Surgery to remove the entire vulva (the external female genital organs, including the clitoris, vaginal lips, and the opening to the vagina) and nearby lymph nodes.

What is an exenteration surgery?

Exenteration is a major operation during which all the contents of a body cavity are removed. Pelvic exenteration refers to the removal of the pelvic organs and adjacent structures; orbital exenteration refers to the removal of the entire eyeball, orbital soft tissues, and some or all of the eyelids.

What is a pelvic exenteration?

A pelvic exenteration is the removal of a woman’s uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and vagina (the reproductive organs). There are times when the bladder, urethra and/or bowel, anus, and rectum are removed also.

What is the medical term for excision?

/ex·en·ter·a·tion/ (ek-sen″ter-a´shun) 1. surgical removal of the inner organs; evisceration. 2. in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit. pelvic exenteration excision of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis.

What are the types of exenteration?

Exenteration 1 Pelvic exenteration. Pelvic exenterations start with an incision in the lower abdomen. 2 Orbital exenteration. This operation removes the eyeball and surrounding tissues of the orbit. 3 After a pelvic exenteration, a drainage tube is inserted at the site… 4 Ocular exenteration. After ocular exenteration,…