How was the Mixedwood Plains formed?

Deposits from ancient water bodies and glaciers make the soil here the most productive in Canada. Carbonate-rich Paleozoic bedrock characterizes the geology of the Mixedwood Plains. Urbanization and agriculture have reduced the ancient forests drastically. A mix of coniferous and deciduous trees are found here.

What is Mixedwood Plains known for?

The mixed plains ecozone has the highest plant diversity in Canada, with the Lake Erie lowland having trees species that occur nowhere else in Canada. Within Canada, these forest types are often referred to as the ‘Carolinian zone’ owing to the many southern plants and animals that reach their northern limits here.

What is mixedwood forest?

The Mixedwood forest type is composed of mostly spruce, Poplar, Jack Pine, Balsam Fir, and White Birch. Occurring on a wide variety of sites, Mixedwood stands are commonly found throughout the Boreal forest.

What plants are in the Mixedwood Plains?

Today’s forest ecosystems are decorated with vibrant wildflowers and shrubs. Trilliums, Clover, Black-eyed Susans, Goldenrod, and Wild Raspberry are common. Thickets and abandoned fields give rise to successional species such as Staghorn Sumac, Highbush Cranberry, Red-osier Dogwood, and Willow.

What is the population of the Mixedwood Plains?


Area Population
Change 1981 to 2006
Atlantic Maritime 192,017 125,354
Mixed Wood Plains 107,017 4,423,691
Boreal Plains 668,664 138,242

How old is the mixedwood forest?

Composed of granite, gneiss and marble, this formation is over a billion years old. The Mixed Wood Plains are defined by its mixture of trees, both deciduous and coniferous taking advantage of every season.

What type of soil is in the Mixedwood Plains?

The neutral to alkaline, fertile soils and mild climate of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone are ideal for a vast agricultural sector and large urban settlements it supports.

What is the climate in the Cordillera region?

The climate of the Cordillera’s coast is mild, wet and rarely has snow that stays. The interior of the Cordillera is usually colder and dryer with larger amounts of snow. In the summer, it is warmer and there is less rain. The landscape of the Cordillera has long chains of high rugged mountains.

How were the Interior Plains formed?

The Interior Plains have igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rock. They were formed when soils from the rivers of the Canadian Shield were deposited and sedimentary rock were formed horizontally from these deposits. These deposits created large areas of flat land, river valleys and rolling hills.

Are ecozones and biomes the same?

Marine biomes are most influenced by depth, nutrient availability, and temperature. The natural landscapes of Canada are divided into biophysical regions known as ecozones—15 terrestrial and five marine. In turn, the ecozones are divided into smaller units known as ecoregions.

What is the difference between ecozones and biomes?

As nouns the difference between ecozone and biome is that ecozone is a large geographical region having a distinct biodiversity of flora and fauna while biome is any major regional biological community such as that of forest or desert.

What is the Mixedwood Plains?

Introduction to the Mixedwood Plains. An ecozone full of wonder, amazement, and history. It’s Ontario’s most southern region, taking up less than 10% of Ontario. Canada’s smallest ecozone but yet probably one of its most greatest. The Mixedwood Plains ecozone is one of Canada’s fifteen ecozone’s and is currently the most densely populated ecozone.

Why are the Great Lakes important to the Mixedwood Plains?

The Great Lakes also help elongate the length of the growing season as it moderates the overall temperature in the Mixedwood Plains. The soil region in the Mixedwood Plains is known as the Wet Climate soil region. The soil in the Mixedwood Plains are leached, but is ideal for this region.

What type of forest is found in the mixed plains?

The forests are a part of the temperate deciduous forest that extends from Florida north to eastern Canada. The mixed plains ecozone has the highest plant diversity in Canada, with the Lake Erie lowland having trees species that occur nowhere else in Canada.

What is the geologic history of the Great Plains?

During the last two million years, the geologic history of the Central and Northern Great Plains was dominated by the effects of continental glaciation. In the Southern Plains, the record is one of interplay between deposition by running water, winds, and in lake basins.