Why is Kronstadt a German name?

Kronstadt was founded on the 7th of May, 1704 (or 18th of May back when Russia was using the Julian calendar) of May, 1704 as the central part of fortifications built on the Gulf of Finland during the Northern war (between Russia and Sweden). The name comes from two German words — “Krone” (crown) and “Stadt” (city).

Who built Kronstadt?

Peter the Great
Founded in the early 18th century by Peter the Great, it became an important international centre of commerce whose trade role was later eclipsed by its strategic significance as the primary maritime defence outpost of the former Russian capital.

Where is Kronstadt naval base?

Kotlin Island
The naval base of Kronstadt lies on Kotlin Island near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Peter the Great captured the island from the Swedes in 1703 and built it into a naval fortress to protect his new capital.

How to go to Kronstadt?

Getting there The cheapest way to travel from St Petersburg to Kronstadt is by bus from different subway stations located in the north of the city. For example, you can take bus 101 from Staraya Derevnya station, bus K405 from Chernaya Rechka station or bus K407 from Prospekt Prosvescheniya station.

What happened to the Kronstadt sailors?

While many of its former sailors had been sent to various other parts of the country during the conflict and had been replaced by Ukrainian peasants less favorable to the Bolshevik government, most of the sailors present in Kronstadt during the revolt—about three quarters—were veterans of 1917.

Why did soldiers revolt at Kronstadt?

In February 1921, the Cheka reported 155 peasant uprisings across Russia. The workers in Petrograd were also involved in a series of strikes, caused by the reduction of bread rations by one third over a ten-day period. The revolt at the Kronstadt naval base began as a protest over the plight of the country.

How many died in the Kronstadt rebellion?

Kronstadt rebellion
Strength
First assault: 11,000 Second assault: 17,961 First assault: 10,073 Second assault: 25,000–30,000
Casualties and losses
Around 1,000 killed in battle and 1,200–2,168 executed Second assault: 527–1,412; a much higher number if the first assault is included.