What are the 3 anatomical division of the gingiva?
It is divided up into three major sections known as the: oral epithelium. the sulcular epithelium. the junctional epithelium.
Where is gingival margin located?
The free gingival margin is the area located in between the sulcular epithelium and the epithelium of the oral cavity. This interface exists at the most coronal point of the gingiva. This is also referred to as the crest of the marginal gingiva.
What are the 4 signs of gingival inflammation?
Your gums are red and swollen. Your gums feel tender when you touch or brush them. Your gums bleed easily when you brush or floss. Your gums have began to pull away from the edges of your teeth.
What is the difference between gingival hyperplasia and hypertrophy?
Hyperplasia refers to an increased number of cells, and hypertrophy refers to an increase in the size of individual cells. As these identifications cannot be performed with a clinical examination and evaluation of the tissue, the term gingival enlargement is more properly applied.
What are parts of gingiva?
The gingiva is composed of fibrous tissue covered by mucous membrane that is firmly attached to the periosteum of the alveolar processes of the mandible and maxilla. The lower gingiva includes the mucosa covering the mandible from the gingival-buccal gutter to the origins of the mobile mucosa on the floor of the mouth.
What Innervates the gingiva?
The innervation of the oral gingiva is unique because all the nerves supplying the gingival mucosa originate from the mandibular and maxillary branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V).
What are the parts of gingiva?
What does the early signs of gingivitis look like?
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:
- Swollen or puffy gums.
- Dusky red or dark red gums.
- Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss.
- Bad breath.
- Receding gums.
- Tender gums.
What are pockets in gums?
Periodontal pockets are spaces or openings surrounding the teeth under the gum line. These pockets can become filled with infection-causing bacteria. Periodontal pockets are a symptom of periodontitis (gum disease), a serious oral infection.
What causes gingival hypertrophy?
Gingival hyperplasia can occur as a direct result of inflammation. The inflammation is often caused by plaque buildup on the teeth from food, bacteria, and poor hygiene practices. The inflammation can make the gums tender and red, and it can trigger bleeding.
What is gingival hyperplasia?
Gingival (Gum) enlargement, also known as gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy, is an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissues.
What is hypertrophy of the gums?
Gingival hypertrophy also known as gingival hyperplasia, gum hypertrophy or gingival enlargement, refers to excessive growth of the gums or gingiva around the necks of the teeth. The hypertrophic gingival tissue may be inflamed (gingivitis), in which case the gums are red, soft, shiny and bleed easily.
Gingival Enlargement. Gingival (Gum) enlargement, also known as gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy, is an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissues.
What is gingival enlargement?
Gingival Enlargement Gingival (Gum) enlargement, also known as gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy, is an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissues.
What are the symptoms of hypertrophic gingival tissue?
The hypertrophic gingival tissue may be inflamed (gingivitis), in which case the gums are red, soft, shiny and bleed easily. Gingival overgrowth can be caused by several mechanisms but will have very similar appearances.