Why is marantic endocarditis called?

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a form of endocarditis in which small sterile vegetations are deposited on the valve leaflets. Formerly known as marantic endocarditis, which comes from the Greek marantikos, meaning “wasting away”.

What does Marantic mean?

adjective Referring to protein-energy malnutrition, as in marantic endocarditis (now better known as non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis).

What are vegetations on heart valves?

Abnormal growths (vegetations) that contain collections of bacteria may form in your heart at the site of the infection and damage the heart valves, which can cause them to leak. Endocarditis is a life-threatening inflammation of the inner lining of your heart’s chambers and valves (endocardium).

What is nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis?

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE), formerly known as marantic endocarditis, is a potentially overlooked condition that involves the formation of sterile, fibrin vegetations on heart valve leaflets. Often confused with classic infective endocarditis during its early stages, NBTE can lead to …

What causes marantic (nonbacterial) endocarditis?

There are several causes of marantic (nonbacterial thrombotic) endocarditis, a condition characterized by platelet aggregates or vegetations on previously undamaged heart valves (most often aortic and mitral) without evidence of bacteremia.

Is nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus?

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE), also known as marantic endocarditis, is associated with malignancy and autoimmune disorders [ 20 ]. Libman–Sacks (L-S) endocarditis is an atypical form of NBTE associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

How common is marantic endocarditis in children with HIV?

Vegetations are rarely diagnosed before death, but when they are, clinically important emboli are likely.21 Marantic endocarditis is not common in children, but it has been described in a child with HIV diagnosed at age 14 months.