How does traumatic brain injury affect the endocrine system?

If the hypothalamus or pituitary gland is damaged because of a TBI, it can cause a number of problems in the endocrine system, including hyperthermia, adrenal insufficiency, diabetes insipidus, hyponatremia, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, growth hormone deficiency, and hyperprolactinemia.

What metabolic changes occur with traumatic brain injury?

TBI evokes the prolonged glucose metabolic depression and consequent energy crisis, which reflects that glucose uptake into brain could not meet the demand of neuronal function. Impaired cerebral glucose metabolism could induce diverse biological cascades, leading to AD-like pathology.

What happens when a traumatic injury occurs in an adolescent resulting to injury to the pituitary gland?

Consequences of pituitary injury in adolescence It results in white matter changes and damage,70 and has also been shown to affect cognitive, effective, and somatic abilities of patients. This is of particular relevance, as the risk of TBI increases drastically during adolescence and young adulthood.

Can TBI affect pituitary gland?

Answer: Head injury can damage the pituitary gland and reduce production of two important hormones. The part of the pituitary gland that regulates growth hormone (GH) release is particularly vulnerable to the effects of head injury.

What organ systems are affected by concussions?

Brain function, connectivity and activity change after concussion; brain cells get injured, and almost any body system can affected in some way (including the vestibular/balance, endocrine, circulatory and nervous systems). Most of these issues are temporary and will run their course within a few weeks.

What is Hyperpituitarism?

Pituitary Gland : Hyperpituitarism (Overactive Pituitary Gland) Having an overactive pituitary gland is called hyperpituitarism. It is most commonly caused by noncancerous tumors. This causes the gland to secrete too much of certain kinds of hormones related to growth, reproduction, and metabolism, among other things.

How are traumatic brain injuries treated today?

Mild traumatic brain injuries usually require no treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a headache. However, a person with a mild traumatic brain injury usually needs to be monitored closely at home for any persistent, worsening or new symptoms.

Can traumatic brain injury (TBI) affect the endocrine system?

Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI, affects more than the brain and nervous system. There is clear evidence that TBI affects the endocrine system, significantly impacting the body’s hormones. Current estimates of the prevalence of endocrine disorders in patients with TBI range greatly across studies and depends on severity.

What is traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden injury causes damage to your brain. A “closed head injury” may cause brain damage if something hits your head hard but doesn’t break through your skull.

What percentage of traumatic brain injury patients have hormonal issues?

In a recent review, the average is about 28% and 36% for severe TBI patients.* Brain injury can cause hormonal issues immediately—but in many cases, hormonal problems won’t be clinically evident or diagnosed until months or even years after the injury.

What is a penetrating head injury (TBI)?

A “penetrating head injury” occurs when an object breaks through your skull and enters your brain. According to the CDC, the leading cause of TBI is falls, particularly for young children and adults over 65.