Who were the first settlers in Edmonton?

18th century. 1754 – Anthony Henday, an explorer working for the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC), may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area. 1795 – Fort Edmonton was established on the north bank of the river near today’s Fort Saskatchewan, as a major trading post for the Hudson’s Bay Company.

What was Edmonton originally called?

The great Canadian city of Edmonton began as a trading post called Fort Edmonton, built in 1795. It was named after Edmonton in England, which was then a town north of London. However, in the late 19th century the settlement began to spread outside the fort.

Why did people come to Edmonton?

Because most of Alberta’s oil reserves were concentrated in central and northern Alberta, Edmonton became home to most of Alberta’s oil industry. The subsequent oil boom gave Edmonton new status as the “Oil Capital of Canada,” and during the 1950s, the city increased in population from 149,000 to 269,000.

When was Edmonton first settled?

When Edmonton was incorporated as a town in 1892, Matthew McCauley became the first Mayor.

What is the oldest part of Edmonton?

Garneau is one of the oldest neighbourhoods in the city of Edmonton, Canada. Prior to 1912, it was part of the City of Strathcona….Garneau, Edmonton.

Garneau
Neighbourhood
Looking south along 109 Street in Garneau.
Country Canada
Province Alberta

Who founded Edmonton?

Fort Edmonton, a Hudson’s Bay Company trading post also known as Edmonton House, was initially built in 1795 on a site approximately 20 miles (32 km) downstream from the present-day city. The post is said to have been named for an area of north London, England, that was the home of a Hudson’s Bay Company employee.

Why was Edmonton built where it is?

Transportation has been the cornerstone of the settlement and development of Edmonton. The North Saskatchewan River was a major conduit for the historic fur trade, which established trading posts near what is now Edmonton.

How did Edmonton get named?

The name Edmonton was first given to Fort Edmonton, a Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) fur trading post on the North Saskatchewan River, in 1795. It was named after Edmonton, England, the birthplace of Sir James Winter Lake, who was at the meeting of the governors of the HBC when the fort was established.

What’s Edmonton known for?

Known for its natural beauty, culture, history and attractions, Edmonton is a city for everyone. It is home to Canada’s largest living history museum, Canada’s largest historical park and North America’s largest mall.

Who built Fort Edmonton?

the Hudson’s Bay Company
Fort Edmonton was established on the Northern Saskatchewan River in 1795 by the Hudson’s Bay Company as a fortified trading post next to the rival North West Company, which had earlier built its own fort nearby.

How do you spell Edmonton?

a city in and the capital of Alberta, in the central part, in SW Canada.

What happened to Edmonton’s population in 1914?

In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the city of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River; as a result, the city extended south of the river. Just prior to World War I, the real estate boom ended suddenly, causing the city’s population to decline sharply—from over 72,500 in 1914 to under 54,000 only two years later.

What is the history of Edmonton Canada?

The great Canadian city of Edmonton began as a trading post called Fort Edmonton, built in 1795. It was named after Edmonton in England, which was then a town north of London. However, in the late 19th century the settlement began to spread outside the fort.

What was Edmonton like in the 1910s?

And during the early 1910s, Edmonton grew very rapidly, causing rising speculation in real estate prices. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the city of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River; as a result, the city extended south of the river.

How did Fort Edmonton get its name?

By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river’s north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson’s Bay Company. The new fort’s name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, London, the hometown of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, and Pruden.