When was diabetes considered an epidemic?

In 1994, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) diabetes program declared that diabetes had reached epidemic proportions and should be considered as a major public health problem.

Is diabetes common in the Middle East?

Diabetes is a rapidly growing disease that is affecting people worldwide, particularly due to the rise in unhealthy lifestyles and increased risk factor levels. Although countries and regions are affected differently, the Middle East in general has witnessed a spike in the occurrence of diabetes.

Why does Saudi Arabia have so much diabetes?

It is mainly due to consequence of life-style as lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, obesity and overweight. Over the past four decades major socio-economic changes have occurred in Saudi Arabia.

What is causing diabetes epidemic?

There are clear links among lifestyle, inactivity, ageing, obesity, and modernization, that contribute to diabetes. Between 1980, when the first diabetes study was done in Australia, and 2000, the prevalence of obesity almost tripled and the prevalence of diabetes increased from 2.4 to 7.2% [27] (Fig. 3).

Is diabetes a pandemic or epidemic?

Diabetes is a global epidemic affecting an estimated 382 million people worldwide. The WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. An estimated 4 million people die annually from diabetes complications. non-communicable diseases.

Which country has the highest rate of diabetes?

China is the country with the highest number of diabetics worldwide, with around 141 million people suffering from the disease. By the year 2045, it is predicted that China will have around 174 million people with diabetes.

Why is diabetes so high in Middle East?

Genetic risk factors may play a crucial role in this uncontrolled raise in the prevalence of T2DM in the Middle Eastern region. However, factors such as obesity, rapid urbanization and lack of exercise are other key determinants of this rapid increase in the rate of T2DM in the Arab world.

Which country has the highest rate of diabetes in the world?

How common is diabetes in Saudi?

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that Saudi Arabia ranks the second highest in the Middle East, and is seventh in the world for the rate of diabetes. It is estimated that around 7 million of the population are diabetic and almost around 3 million have pre-diabetes.

Is diabetes a modern disease?

Diabetes is not a new disease, but the prognosis and quality of life for people with diabetes today is very different from what it was 50 years ago. That’s because strategies for preventing type 2 diabetes and treatments for both type 1 and type 2 have evolved a great deal.

Why is diabetes so high in China?

Unhealthy diets and lack of physical activity are driving increasing rates of overweight and obesity in China – which are themselves risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes. More than one-third of adults in China are overweight, while 7% of adults are obese.

Why is diabetes so common in China?

The high and increased diabetes prevalence; low and stagnated rates of awareness, treatment, and control; high overweight and obesity rates; and worsened reported lifestyle factors indicate that the health burden of diabetes and its complications is increasing in China.

Is the Middle East and North Africa at risk for diabetes?

Aims: Even though the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region had the highest comparative prevalence of diabetes in 2012, little is known about the nuances of diabetes risk and capacity to address the burdens. To provide a comprehensive overview, we reviewed the literature on diabetes in the MENA region.

Which regions have the highest prevalence of diabetes mellitus?

The epidemic nature of diabetes mellitus in different regions is reviewed. The Middle East and North Africa region has the highest prevalence of diabetes in adults (10.9%) whereas, the Western Pacific region has the highest number of adults diagnosed with diabetes and has countries with the highest prevalence of diabetes (37.5%).

What is the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Arab world?

Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects more than 382 million people around the world, of whom 90% are diagnosed with type-2 DM (T2DM)[1]. The prevalence of T2DM has increased dramatically during the last 2 decades[1]. The Arab world is not immune from this epidemic in the prevalence of T2DM.

Are lifestyle changes contributing to the diabetes crisis in the Arabian area?

However, despite no changes in the traditional risk factors for T2DM in Arabian area, there is an alarming increase in the prevalence of diabetes, particularly within the last two decades – suggesting that recent lifestyle changes may have greater effect on this crisis.