What are the five parts of a standard case citation in order?

A case citation is generally made up of the following parts:

  • the names of the parties involved in the lawsuit.
  • the volume number of the reporter containing the full text of the case.
  • the abbreviated name of that case reporter.
  • the page number on which the case begins the year the case was decided; and sometimes.

Who are legal authorities?

Legal Authority is any published source of law that presents the legal rules, legal doctrine, or legal reasoning that may be used as the basis for legal decisions. Primary authorities are authorized statements of the law by governmental institutions. …

Can you use versus in an essay?

In other contexts, “vs.” (American English) or “vs” (British English) can be used as an abbreviation. This usage is more casual than writing out “versus.” If you’re unsure what’s appropriate, just write it out—using the full word “versus” is rarely inappropriate, except perhaps in formal legal contexts.

What does R mean in law Australia?

Name of case is R v Carroll. R or Regina (or Rex) refers to the Crown (Regina or Rex mean “queen” or “king” in latin)

What does Qd R mean?

1901 – 1970 (available in print) New South Wales. Authorised: Supreme Court of New South Wales Courts and selected other New South Wales Courts. St R Qd. State Reports of Queensland (free access – registration required)

What does the R stand for in court cases?

R. The letter R commonly represents Regina, the latin term for the Queen. In criminal proceedings, “R” refers to the Crown or the Commonwealth.

What makes a case civil or criminal?

Civil cases usually involve private disputes between persons or organizations. Criminal cases involve an action that is considered to be harmful to society as a whole (hence, these are considered offenses against the “state” or the jurisdiction of the prosecution).